5 Melasma Triggers and 5 Ways to Avoid Them

5 Melasma Triggers and 5 Ways to Avoid Them

Melasma is a common skin condition that affects many people of all skin types. Most commonly though, it’s an unsightly condition that women suffer from. Characterized by the appearance of brown or gray patches on the skin, Melasma typically appears on the face and decolletage. Melasma can be triggered by a variety of factors, including hormonal changes, sun exposure, and certain medications. 

Wondering if you’re at risk of Melasma? 

We’re sharing the top five melasma triggers and how to avoid them.

Melasma Triggers

Hormonal Changes

Melasma is often triggered by big hormonal shifts. Fluctuations in your body’s levels of estrogen and progesterone can lead to the development of melasma. This is particularly common during pregnancy, when taking oral contraceptives, and during hormonal replacement therapy. Ever heard of the “pregnancy mask”? Well, it’s pregnancy-related melasma. Additionally, If you have PCOS or endometriosis, it's important to be aware that these conditions can also cause hormonal imbalances and potentially contribute to the development of melasma.

Sun Exposure

Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun can also trigger melasma. Sun exposure stimulates the production of melanin in our skin, which can cause and exacerbate melasma symptoms. So, if you have or are at risk of getting Melasma, avoid unnecessary sun exposure. We know, we love the sun too! But your skin health is more important, so put on some SPF and go buy yourself that cute sun hat you’ve been eyeing.

Certain Medications

Some medications, including certain antibiotics, anti-seizure drugs, and some cancer medications, can trigger melasma. Over The Counter (OTC) products containing retinols and retinoids can also trigger melasma. If you have questions or concerns about any medications or topical products you’re using, it’s best to consult with your doctor. 


High levels of stress can cause hormonal changes that can trigger melasma. Wondering how to keep calm? Check out one of our grounding self-care breathing exercises or try a quick yogic stretch to bring you back to yourself. 


While melasma is not strictly hereditary, it does have a genetic component. Research has shown that individuals with a family history of melasma may be more likely to develop the condition. Consult your doctor if you think you might be prone to developing melasma. 

Ways to Avoid Melasma Triggers

Avoid Hormonal Triggers

If you are pregnant or taking hormonal medications, talk to your doctor about ways to avoid triggering melasma.

Use Sunscreen

One of the most important steps you can take to avoid melasma is to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30. Apply sunscreen every day, even if it is cloudy outside, and reapply every two hours.

Wear a Hat

In addition to using sunscreen, wearing a wide-brimmed hat can help protect your face from the sun's harmful rays.

Manage Stress

Taking steps to manage stress, such as practicing mindfulness, yoga, or meditation, can help reduce the risk of hormonal changes that can trigger melasma.

Consider Plant-Based Skincare

If you're dealing with melasma, it's important to consider skincare options that are gentle while still being effective. While professional treatments like chemical peels or laser therapy may provide some relief, they can also be expensive and harsh on the skin. This is where Elder Flower's plant-based skincare line comes in - our gentle yet effective products prioritize the use of high-quality, natural ingredients that can help alleviate the symptoms of melasma without causing further damage. By choosing Elder Flower, you can trust that you're making the right choice for your skin, inside and out.

Melasma is a common skin condition that can be triggered by a variety of factors. By taking steps to protect your skin from the sun, manage stress, and avoid hormonal triggers, you can reduce your risk of developing melasma. If you are struggling with melasma, talk to your dermatologist about professional treatment options. With the right care and attention, you can keep your skin healthy and glowing.

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